Which of the following is not a risk factor for AMD?
CORRECT ANSWER: Near-sightedness
While those with AMD may also have a refractive error called near-sightedness, there may be no correlation. The most common risk factors for AMD are: age, diabetes, heredity, smoking, and race (macular degeneration is more common among Caucasians).
What is typically an early sign of AMD?
CORRECT ANSWER: Straight lines appear distorted
AMD is unique in that your vision may actually not be impacted during early stages of the disease. But, as it progresses, you may notice wavy or blurred vision as your first symptom.
If you have a family history of macular degeneration, you should:
CORRECT ANSWER: Get a complete exam every 2-4 years over the age of 45
Heredity is a risk factor for AMD. And, even without symptoms, you may have it. So, the most important step you can take in protecting your vision from macular degeneration is to keep up with your preventative, comprehensive eye exams. This ensures any vision problems are caught early on and treated most effectively.
The two types of macular degeneration are:
CORRECT ANSWER: Wet and dry
Eyes with dry AMD have changes in the macular pigment that can be seen during a dilated examination. Some patients experience wet AMD, which is caused by abnormal leaky blood vessels that grow underneath the retina. Each type of AMD has different approaches to treatment. There are medications that can reverse and prevent vision loss from wet AMD and preventative strategies to slow the progression of dry AMD. Your eye doctor will determine the best treatment for your unique condition.
Which of the following isn’t recommended after an AMD diagnosis?
CORRECT ANSWER: Avoid allergens
Avoiding allergens will not have a direct impact on your AMD. Instead, your doctor will likely recommend that you increase intake of leafy greens, consistently wear 100% UV-protection sunglasses when outdoors, and stop smoking (if applicable).
If you suspect that you or someone in your family might have macular degeneration, we are ready to see you and help improve your vision. Call us or request an appointment online.